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Pierre Vernier (19 August 1580 at Ornans, Franche-Comté, Spanish Habsburgs (now France) – 14 September 1637 same location) was a French mathematician and instrument inventor. He was inventor and eponym of the vernier scale used in measuring devices. He was born in Ornans, France, in 1580, he was taught science by his father. He later became captain and castellan of the castle at Ornans, for the King of Spain. He was also later councillor and director general of moneys in the County of Burgundy. At Brussels, in 1631, he published, his treatise "La construction, l'usage, et les propriétés du quadrant nouveau de mathematiques", and dedicated it to the Infanta. In it he described the ingenious device which now bears his name, the Vernier scale. To a quadrant with a primary scale in half degrees Vernier proposed to attach a movable sector, thirty-one half degrees in length but divided into thirty equal parts (each part consisting then of a half degree plus one minute). In measuring an angle, minutes could be easily reckoned by noticing which division line of the sector coincided with a division line of the quadrant.