Valmont is a 1989 drama film directed by Miloš Forman, based on the French novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses (1782) by Choderlos de Laclos. It was adapted for the screen with a screenplay by Jean-Claude Carrière. The film stars Colin Firth, Annette Bening and Meg Tilly. Valmont received an Academy Award nomination for Best Costume Design (Theodor Pištěk). Merteuil (Annette Bening), a beautiful, wealthy widow in society, discovers that her secret lover Gercourt (Jeffrey Jones) is betrothed. She learns from her cousin Madame de Volanges (Siân Phillips) that Gercourt's new fiancée is none other than Volanges' 15-year-old daughter Cecile (Fairuza Balk). Volanges confides in Merteuil that Gercourt chose Cecile as she was raised in a convent to keep her chaste before marriage. Volanges also admits there were worries over the betrothal, as people were discussing Gercourt's former mistress's sanity. Angered over the loss of her lover and his slight of her character, Merteuil plots to deface Cecile's virtue by having her friend Valmont (Colin Firth) seduce Cecile.