In Old Santa Fe is a 1934 American Western film directed by David Howard and starring Ken Maynard and George "Gabby" Hayes. Based on a story by Wallace MacDonald and John Rathmell, the film is about a cowboy who loses his horse in a rigged horse race and gets framed for the murder of a stagecoach driver. The film was shot on location in Kentucky and Keystone Studios in California. In Old Santa Fe features the first screen appearance of Gene Autry, singing "Wyoming Waltz" accompanied by Smiley Burnette on accordion. Although both Autry and Burnette were unbilled, the scene served as a screen test for the duo for subsequent singing cowboy films, beginning with The Phantom Empire (1935) and Autry's first leading role. A cowboy named Kentucky Ken (Ken Maynard) and his sidekick, Cactus (George 'Gabby' Hayes), meet a beautiful woman named Lila Miller (Evalyn Knapp) when her car accidentally goes off the road. Lila's father, Charlie Miller (H.B. Warner), owns the dude ranch where Ken and Cactus intend to enter their prize horse Tarzan in a gruelling canyon race. Two other men, Chandler and Tracy, have also arrived for the race.