The Kiss (1896)
AMC Movie List

The 100 Most Controversial Movies of All Time

Filmsite.org‘s Tim Dirks spotlights 100 movies that had moviegoers talking. Which one is really the most shocking to you?

rank title points votes your vote
1 A Clockwork Orange (1971, UK)
The second (and last) X-rated Best-Picture nominee, Stanley Kubrick's dystopian future appalled some viewers with its ultra-violence.
944 3056
2 Cannibal Holocaust (1980)
This gore-soaked movie’s use of “found footage” to reveal the fate of a missing documentary crew made it seem too real.
759 2041
3 The Exorcist (1973)
The sight of 13-year-old Linda Blair vomiting, swearing, and abusing herself with a crucifix horrified moviegoers and critics.
614 2510
4 Salo (aka The 120 Days of Sodom) (1975, It.)
Pier Paolo Pasolini’s politically provocative and sexually explicit movie equates fascism and sexual torture.
613 1617
5 I Spit On Your Grave (1978)
This rape-revenge movie so incensed critics Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel that they tried to have it pulled from theaters.
309 1323
6 Caligula (1979)
Variety dubbed this historical epic -- written by Gore Vidal, produced by Bob Guccione, and directed by Tinto Brass -- a “moral holocaust.”
286 1266
7 Requiem for a Dream (2000)
Darren Aronofsky’s hallucinatory chronicle of addiction had to be released unrated when he refused to cut a degrading orgy.
263 1627
8 Natural Born Killers (1994)
Directed by Oliver Stone from a Quentin Tarantino script, this look at sexual obsession was blamed for inspiring real-life murders.
262 1612
9 Kids (1995)
A realistic look at drugging, hook ups, and frank sex talk among teens, photographer Larry Clark’s movie was labeled salacious and pedophilic.
250 1312
10 Deep Throat (1972)
The movie that ushered in “porno chic,” Deep Throat sparked precedent-setting court cases that challenged assumptions about obscenity.
241 1455
11 The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)
Rural cannibals slaughter soft city folks in the first “meat movie,” a horror tale rooted in realistic violence and social malaise.
234 1604
12 Psycho (1960)
Viewers used to Hitchcock's Technicolor thrillers were stunned by this black-and-white shocker that dared to kill Janet Leigh before the halfway mark.
232 1824
13 The Last House on the Left (1972)
Wes Craven changed Ingmar Bergman’s The Virgin Spring into a crude, taboo-breaking shocker.
219 1151
14 The Human Centipede (First Sequence) (2009)
In this grotesque movie, a mad doctor turns three young victims into a twelve-limbed abomination.
205 1409
15 Lolita (1962, U.K.)
Stanley Kubrick played up the dark humor in Nabokov’s novel about a middle-aged man infatuated with a pubescent girl.
194 1166
16 Freaks (1932)
Though its sympathies were with the sideshow performers, this circus drama was criticized for casting real-life “human oddities.”
181 1087
17 Faces of Death (1978)
The fact that it was “banned in 40 countries” was a selling point for this morbid collection of death scenes, some real and some fake.
172 1074
18 The Passion of The Christ (2004)
Mel Gibson's film was called anti-Semitic and became the highest-grossing independent film ever.
148 1520
19 Irreversible (2002, Fr.)
Walkouts were common during this French thriller, which depicts a vicious and lengthy rape and its aftermath in reverse chronological order.
146 950
20 The Birth Of A Nation (1915)
Even in 1915, D.W. Griffith’s Civil War epic caused a stir for its stereotypical depiction of African-Americans.
145 1013
21 Antichrist (2009, Den.)
A couple engages in violent sex and sexual violence after their son’s death, but art-house audiences took its provocations in stride.
145 959
22 Pink Flamingos (1972)
Cult provocateur John Waters used bizarre, crude, tasteless and sexually grotesque images to challenge cultural mores in his first feature.
134 898
23 Blue Velvet (1986)
David Lynch's look at the violence beneath the facade of small-town eighties America was denounced for images of sexual degradation.
130 1020
24 The Evil Dead (1981)
Sam Raimi’s debut was virtually guaranteed an "X" rating for blood and gore, but the rape scene was the capper, and it was released unrated.
122 1182
25 Henry: Portrait of A Serial Killer (1986, released in 1990)
Michael Rooker’s intense performance made this take on Henry Lee Lucas’ crimes feel unbearably real.
122 814
26 Rosemary’s Baby (1968)
The National Catholic Office for Motion Pictures reviled Polanski's dark horror classic for making "perverted use” of Christian beliefs.
119 1293
27 The Last Temptation Of Christ (1988)
Religious fundamentalists picketed and boycotted Martin Scorsese’s film on the life of Christ.
105 1013
28 The Deer Hunter (1978)
Michael Cimino’s depiction of friendships tested by the Vietnam War won an Oscar, despite accusations of inaccuracy and racism.
103 1303
29 Monty Python’s Life of Brian (1979, UK)
This satire lampooned religious zealotry and thus was labeled blasphemous and sacrilegious.
86 1218
30 Bonnie and Clyde (1967)
One of the most influential movies of the seventies was accused of glamorizing Depression-era robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow.
86 1086
31 Midnight Cowboy (1969)
The only X-rated Best-Picture winner, this gritty movie discomfited some viewers with its frank, non-judgmental depiction of homosexuality.
83 977
32 South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut (1999)
This animated satire included such provocations as depicting Satan and Saddam Hussein as lovers.
73 1259
33 Straw Dogs (1971)
A double rape and its aftermath made Sam Peckinpah’s movie about a mild-mannered mathematician driven to violence a hot-button topic.
71 817
34 Scarface (1932)
Howard Hawks’ classic was banned in several states despite pre-release changes designed to counter claims that it glorified gangsters.
67 1167
35 Last Tango In Paris (1972, It./Fr.)
Bernardo Bertolucci's striking juxtaposition of lust and despair starred Hollywood icon Marlon Brando.
56 818
36 Brokeback Mountain (2005)
Deplored by political and religious conservatives, this was the first mainstream gay/bi-sexual romance; it garnered both critical and popular acclaim.
55 1339
37 Hard Candy (2005)
Subtle performances helped make this thriller about a teen sparring with a suspected pedophile seem thought-provoking rather than sleazy.
55 815
38 Dirty Harry (1971)
Is Harry Callahan’s contempt for modern criminal-justice protocols a liberal critique of vigilantism or reactionary propaganda?
34 1138
39 Crash (1996)
David Cronenberg’s adaptation of J.G. Ballard’s outre novel about people who get off on car crashes was too fetishistic for many.
34 854
40 Lolita (1997)
Lolita could still shock 35 years after Kubrick’s adaptation; even after extensive cuts, Adrian Lyne’s franker version was too hot for theaters.
15 839
41 Nekromantik (1987, Germ.)
Necrophilia may be the last taboo, and this German gross-out pulled no punches, which is why it was loathed and banned in many markets.
11 631
42 The Warriors (1979)
Worried that Walter Hill’s depiction of gangs might incite real violence, Paramount Pictures temporarily pulled it from several theaters.
-1 853
43 Pretty Baby (1978)
Louis Malle’s decision to cast 12-year-old Brooke Shields as a New Orleans prostitute struck many as child exploitation.
-1 659
44 Basic Instinct (1992)
Sharon Stone’s turn as a seductive bisexual murderess made her a star, but the movie raised hackles for its depiction of lethal lesbians.
-3 1021
45 The Wild Bunch (1969)
Sam Peckinpah's movie was both praised for its vision of the dying West and lambasted for its savagely explicit violence.
-5 765
46 JFK (1991)
Oliver Stone's complex, provocative conspiracy thriller was attacked for legitimizing a crackpot theory about JFK’s assassination.
-9 947
47 Peeping Tom (1960, U.K.)
British critics called Michael Powell’s thriller about a tormented murderer perverted, necrophilic, and trashy; his career never recovered.
-13 607
48 Dogma (1999)
Kevin Smith’s inquiry into the nature of good and evil is surprisingly sincere, but its vulgar snarkiness still rankled religious leaders.
-14 936
49 Ilsa: She Wolf of the SS (1975)
Inspired both by art-house sensation The Night Porter (1974) and real-life "Bitch of Buchenwald" Ilse Koch, this sex/torture movie spawned a wave of “nasty Nazi” movies.
-15 601
50 All Quiet on the Western Front (1930)
This Oscar-winning antiwar movie drew fire for portraying young German soldiers with sympathy.
-16 742
51 Shortbus (2006)
This drama of young bohemians in post 9/11 New York was the most sexually-graphic American movie ever released in non-porn theaters.
-19 593
52 The Dreamers (2003)
Bernardo Bertolucci's NC-17-rated chronicle of sexual discovery hints at incest and other taboos while deliberately evoking erotic art movies of the ‘60s.
-21 591
53 The Devils (1971, U.K.)
Ken Russell’s drama about womanizing priests, sex-crazed nuns, and hysteria in seventeenth-century France was banned in deeply Catholic Italy.
-25 591
54 Men Behind the Sun (1988, Jap.)
Inspired by grotesque medical experiments carried out by Japan’s notorious Unit 731 during WWII.
-29 537
55 Ken Park (2002)
Unsimulated sex scenes sparked accusations that filmmaker Larry Clark exploited his teenaged cast, and it was barely distributed in the US.
-37 605
56 In the Realm of the Senses (1976, Jap.)
Nagisa Oshima's graphic examination of sexual obsession was seized and edited by US Customs.
-39 553
57 Triumph Of The Will (1935, Ger.)
Leni Rienfenstahl’s gorgeous documentary glorified the Nazis' ideals and iconography.
-40 610
58 Citizen Kane (1941)
Critics loved it, but media mogul W.R. Hearst -- the inspiration for Kane – used his influence to discredit Orson Welles’ groundbreaking movie.
-47 1027
59 Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004)
Michael Moore’s scathing documentary about George W. Bush’s war on terror was a hit despite conservative claims that it was propaganda.
-48 978
60 Do The Right Thing (1989)
Critics worried that Spike Lee’s evocation of poverty, police brutality, and racial tensions in Brooklyn would incite violence.
-52 722
61 Song of the South (1946)
Never available on video or DVD in the US, Disney’s charming animated take on Southern folklore is tainted by its live-action sequences depicting happy slaves.
-55 653
62 The Cook, The Thief, His Wife & Her Lover (1989, UK)
Peter Greenaway put a high-style gloss on base depravity in this cruel allegory about capitalism.
-59 581
63 Baby Doll (1956)
The Catholic Legion of Decency condemned Tennessee Williams’ lurid tale of a thumb-sucking child bride and the men who lust for her.
-68 538
64 The Last Picture Show (1971)
Peter Bogdanovich’s melancholy look at adultery, alcoholism, and promiscuity in fifties Texas divided moviegoers and critics.
-71 663
65 Cruising (1980)
William Friedkin's sexually frank thriller offended gay-rights activists by implying that homosexuality inevitably leads to murder.
-79 543
66 Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983)
The deaths of actor Vic Morrow and two children while filming prompted new safety regulations.
-82 824
67 Baise Moi (2000, Fr.)
A hardcore hybrid of Natural Born Killers and Thelma and Louise, this drama about two abused women who turn vigilante was banned in its native France.
-85 551
68 Carnal Knowledge (1971)
Moviegoers expecting to be titillated were taken aback by this drama’s raw, taboo-breaking examination of misogyny.
-86 542
69 Snuff (1976, Arg/USA)
Tacking a cynical “real” murder sequence onto a ho-hum exploitation movie generated enough media outrage to make Snuff a lucrative hit.
-88 514
70 Viridiana (1961, Sp./Mex.)
Luis Bunuel’s surreal masterpiece was widely condemned for its suggestions of incest, rape and necrophilia.
-88 500
71 Bloodsucking Freaks (1976)
Women Against Pornography unwittingly raised this ugly horror movie’s profile by denouncing its relentless, misogynistic violence.
-95 503
72 Hounddog (2007)
Outcry over a rape scene involving an Elvis-loving pre-teen (played by 12-year-old Dakota Fanning) helped sink this drama set in 1950s Alabama.
-98 532
73 Titicut Follies (1967)
Frederick Wiseman's disturbing documentary exposed abuse in mental institutions, but its unflinching footage of patients was called insensitive.
-99 505
74 Thriller: A Cruel Picture (1974, Swed.)
A US distributor added hardcore inserts to Bo Vibenius’ grim rape-revenge movie.
-100 480
75 The Brown Bunny (2003)
Gossip about cult actor Vincent Gallo’s directing debut centered on a graphic oral-sex scene and his feud with critic Roger Ebert.
-102 598
76 9 Songs (2004, UK)
This UK movie received limited US distribution but revived the “porn or art” debate by charting a couple’s relationship through nine unsimulated sex scenes.
-103 539
77 I Am Curious (Yellow) (1967, Swe.)
Mockumentary about ‘60s youth was condemned as pornographic.
-120 518
78 Boxing Helena (1993)
Madonna and Kim Basinger bailed on Jennifer Lynch’s story of a sexually troubled surgeon who tames his dream girl by amputation.
-125 591
79 Sweet Sweetback’s Baadasssss Song (1971)
Melvin Van Peebles’ indie movie reflected the simmering rage of disillusioned African-Americans.
-126 510
80 Mondo Cane (1962, It.)
This Italian shockumentary was castigated for exploiting footage of lurid cultural practices from around the world.
-126 490
81 Ecstasy (1933, Czech.)
Americans were shocked by the nudity and sexual frankness of this Czech drama about an unhappy wife searching for fulfillment.
-127 493
82 A Real Young Girl (aka Une Vraie Jeune Fille) (1975, Fr.)
French filmmaker Catherine Breillat's film on explicit evocation of disturbing desires.
-128 496
83 United 93 (2006)
The trailer that positioned this chillingly realistic 9/11 docu-drama as a formulaic thriller occasioned more dismay than the movie itself.
-134 684
84 Victim (1961, UK)
Homosexuality was still a criminal offense in England when this thriller dared to take the side of gay men victimized by ruthless blackmailers.
-134 478
85 Bandit Queen (1994, India)
Indian censors deplored the nudity and violence in this biopic about Phoolan Devi, who overcame rape, child marriage and false imprisonment to become a politician.
-138 508
86 Henry & June (1990)
The first major studio release rated NC-17, this arty biopic featured a guilt-free menage a trois, nudity and Uma Thurman in a lesbian kiss.
-138 498
87 The Outlaw (1943)
Busty starlet Jane Russell’s breasts cast a long shadow over this erotically charged Western, outraging guardians of public decency.
-139 513
88 The Message (1976, 1977)
Though this epic biopic deferred to Islamic law by never showing Mohammed, it was still condemned as sacrilegious and banned in many Arab countries.
-143 499
89 Stigmata (1999)
Rattling the Catholic church’s wasn’t as shocking in the late nineties as when The Exorcist opened but still exposed this movie to censure.
-144 720
90 Romance (1999, Fr.)
Catherine Breillat challenged the status quo by casting an Italian porn star in her drama about the disconnect between love and sex: Outrage ensued.
-144 492
91 Hail, Mary (1985, Fr.)
Jean-Luc Godard's contemporary take on the Immaculate Conception featured copious nudity and was denounced by Pope John Paul II.
-145 475
92 The Da Vinci Code (2006)
Conservative Christian groups fumed and urged boycotts, but the popularity of Dan Brown’s thriller about arcane secrets and occult mysteries won out.
-155 1065
93 Kinsey (2004)
Many groups claimed this honest portrait of the pioneering sex researcher advocated perversion and glorified Kinsey's work.
-155 597
94 Year of the Dragon (1985)
Now all-but forgotten, Michael Cimino's follow up to Heaven's Gate was censured for sexist and racist stereotypes of Chinese-Americans.
-158 516
95 Heaven’s Gate (1980)
Bad pre-release buzz, including explosive accusations of animal abuse, helped turn Michael Cimono’s epic western into a legendary flop.
-161 553
96 The Kiss (1896)
When Broadway sensations May Irwin and John Rice’s notorious lip-lock was immortalized on film, people were shocked!
-168 522
97 The Crime of Padre Amaro (2002, Mex.)
Condemnation by the Catholic Church helped make this drama about unchaste priests a hit in Mexico.
-176 498
98 The Moon Is Blue (1953)
Well-bred people didn’t use words like “virgin,” “seduce” and “mistress” in public, but this mild sex farce did and became a cause celebre.
-181 491
99 September Dawn (2007)
LDS spokesmen denounced this little-seen account of the 1857 Mormon massacre of California-bound settlers as a “distortion of history.”
-190 540
100 Aladdin (1992)
Disney’s animated musical included lyrics that the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee claimed perpetuated racist stereotypes.
-373 1297