The Kiss (1896)
AMC Movie List

The 100 Most Controversial Movies of All Time

Filmsite.org‘s Tim Dirks spotlights 100 movies that had moviegoers talking. Which one is really the most shocking to you?

rank title points votes your vote
1 A Clockwork Orange (1971, UK)
The second (and last) X-rated Best-Picture nominee, Stanley Kubrick's dystopian future appalled some viewers with its ultra-violence.
826 2676
2 Cannibal Holocaust (1980)
This gore-soaked movie’s use of “found footage” to reveal the fate of a missing documentary crew made it seem too real.
655 1787
3 The Exorcist (1973)
The sight of 13-year-old Linda Blair vomiting, swearing, and abusing herself with a crucifix horrified moviegoers and critics.
591 2261
4 Salo (aka The 120 Days of Sodom) (1975, It.)
Pier Paolo Pasolini’s politically provocative and sexually explicit movie equates fascism and sexual torture.
501 1399
5 I Spit On Your Grave (1978)
This rape-revenge movie so incensed critics Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel that they tried to have it pulled from theaters.
269 1171
6 Requiem for a Dream (2000)
Darren Aronofsky’s hallucinatory chronicle of addiction had to be released unrated when he refused to cut a degrading orgy.
250 1456
7 Caligula (1979)
Variety dubbed this historical epic -- written by Gore Vidal, produced by Bob Guccione, and directed by Tinto Brass -- a “moral holocaust.”
245 1111
8 Natural Born Killers (1994)
Directed by Oliver Stone from a Quentin Tarantino script, this look at sexual obsession was blamed for inspiring real-life murders.
230 1470
9 Deep Throat (1972)
The movie that ushered in “porno chic,” Deep Throat sparked precedent-setting court cases that challenged assumptions about obscenity.
226 1330
10 Kids (1995)
A realistic look at drugging, hook ups, and frank sex talk among teens, photographer Larry Clark’s movie was labeled salacious and pedophilic.
215 1183
11 The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)
Rural cannibals slaughter soft city folks in the first “meat movie,” a horror tale rooted in realistic violence and social malaise.
213 1451
12 Psycho (1960)
Viewers used to Hitchcock's Technicolor thrillers were stunned by this black-and-white shocker that dared to kill Janet Leigh before the halfway mark.
207 1675
13 The Last House on the Left (1972)
Wes Craven changed Ingmar Bergman’s The Virgin Spring into a crude, taboo-breaking shocker.
189 1067
14 Lolita (1962, U.K.)
Stanley Kubrick played up the dark humor in Nabokov’s novel about a middle-aged man infatuated with a pubescent girl.
178 1064
15 The Human Centipede (First Sequence) (2009)
In this grotesque movie, a mad doctor turns three young victims into a twelve-limbed abomination.
175 1253
16 Faces of Death (1978)
The fact that it was “banned in 40 countries” was a selling point for this morbid collection of death scenes, some real and some fake.
174 988
17 Freaks (1932)
Though its sympathies were with the sideshow performers, this circus drama was criticized for casting real-life “human oddities.”
157 1003
18 Rosemary’s Baby (1968)
The National Catholic Office for Motion Pictures reviled Polanski's dark horror classic for making "perverted use” of Christian beliefs.
134 1202
19 The Birth Of A Nation (1915)
Even in 1915, D.W. Griffith’s Civil War epic caused a stir for its stereotypical depiction of African-Americans.
130 926
20 The Deer Hunter (1978)
Michael Cimino’s depiction of friendships tested by the Vietnam War won an Oscar, despite accusations of inaccuracy and racism.
124 1222
21 The Passion of The Christ (2004)
Mel Gibson's film was called anti-Semitic and became the highest-grossing independent film ever.
119 1393
22 The Evil Dead (1981)
Sam Raimi’s debut was virtually guaranteed an "X" rating for blood and gore, but the rape scene was the capper, and it was released unrated.
117 1079
23 Irreversible (2002, Fr.)
Walkouts were common during this French thriller, which depicts a vicious and lengthy rape and its aftermath in reverse chronological order.
115 865
24 Pink Flamingos (1972)
Cult provocateur John Waters used bizarre, crude, tasteless and sexually grotesque images to challenge cultural mores in his first feature.
113 827
25 Henry: Portrait of A Serial Killer (1986, released in 1990)
Michael Rooker’s intense performance made this take on Henry Lee Lucas’ crimes feel unbearably real.
111 743
26 Antichrist (2009, Den.)
A couple engages in violent sex and sexual violence after their son’s death, but art-house audiences took its provocations in stride.
107 865
27 Blue Velvet (1986)
David Lynch's look at the violence beneath the facade of small-town eighties America was denounced for images of sexual degradation.
99 939
28 Monty Python’s Life of Brian (1979, UK)
This satire lampooned religious zealotry and thus was labeled blasphemous and sacrilegious.
97 1127
29 Bonnie and Clyde (1967)
One of the most influential movies of the seventies was accused of glamorizing Depression-era robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow.
90 1004
30 The Last Temptation Of Christ (1988)
Religious fundamentalists picketed and boycotted Martin Scorsese’s film on the life of Christ.
89 947
31 Midnight Cowboy (1969)
The only X-rated Best-Picture winner, this gritty movie discomfited some viewers with its frank, non-judgmental depiction of homosexuality.
75 915
32 Scarface (1932)
Howard Hawks’ classic was banned in several states despite pre-release changes designed to counter claims that it glorified gangsters.
73 1093
33 South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut (1999)
This animated satire included such provocations as depicting Satan and Saddam Hussein as lovers.
68 1158
34 Straw Dogs (1971)
A double rape and its aftermath made Sam Peckinpah’s movie about a mild-mannered mathematician driven to violence a hot-button topic.
58 756
35 Brokeback Mountain (2005)
Deplored by political and religious conservatives, this was the first mainstream gay/bi-sexual romance; it garnered both critical and popular acclaim.
55 1233
36 Dirty Harry (1971)
Is Harry Callahan’s contempt for modern criminal-justice protocols a liberal critique of vigilantism or reactionary propaganda?
55 1069
37 Hard Candy (2005)
Subtle performances helped make this thriller about a teen sparring with a suspected pedophile seem thought-provoking rather than sleazy.
45 763
38 Last Tango In Paris (1972, It./Fr.)
Bernardo Bertolucci's striking juxtaposition of lust and despair starred Hollywood icon Marlon Brando.
42 752
39 Crash (1996)
David Cronenberg’s adaptation of J.G. Ballard’s outre novel about people who get off on car crashes was too fetishistic for many.
34 790
40 Lolita (1997)
Lolita could still shock 35 years after Kubrick’s adaptation; even after extensive cuts, Adrian Lyne’s franker version was too hot for theaters.
14 762
41 The Warriors (1979)
Worried that Walter Hill’s depiction of gangs might incite real violence, Paramount Pictures temporarily pulled it from several theaters.
11 785
42 Nekromantik (1987, Germ.)
Necrophilia may be the last taboo, and this German gross-out pulled no punches, which is why it was loathed and banned in many markets.
7 585
43 Basic Instinct (1992)
Sharon Stone’s turn as a seductive bisexual murderess made her a star, but the movie raised hackles for its depiction of lethal lesbians.
1 945
44 Dogma (1999)
Kevin Smith’s inquiry into the nature of good and evil is surprisingly sincere, but its vulgar snarkiness still rankled religious leaders.
1 879
45 Pretty Baby (1978)
Louis Malle’s decision to cast 12-year-old Brooke Shields as a New Orleans prostitute struck many as child exploitation.
-2 604
46 JFK (1991)
Oliver Stone's complex, provocative conspiracy thriller was attacked for legitimizing a crackpot theory about JFK’s assassination.
-6 878
47 All Quiet on the Western Front (1930)
This Oscar-winning antiwar movie drew fire for portraying young German soldiers with sympathy.
-7 691
48 The Wild Bunch (1969)
Sam Peckinpah's movie was both praised for its vision of the dying West and lambasted for its savagely explicit violence.
-8 710
49 Ilsa: She Wolf of the SS (1975)
Inspired both by art-house sensation The Night Porter (1974) and real-life "Bitch of Buchenwald" Ilse Koch, this sex/torture movie spawned a wave of “nasty Nazi” movies.
-14 558
50 Peeping Tom (1960, U.K.)
British critics called Michael Powell’s thriller about a tormented murderer perverted, necrophilic, and trashy; his career never recovered.
-24 570
51 Shortbus (2006)
This drama of young bohemians in post 9/11 New York was the most sexually-graphic American movie ever released in non-porn theaters.
-24 552
52 The Dreamers (2003)
Bernardo Bertolucci's NC-17-rated chronicle of sexual discovery hints at incest and other taboos while deliberately evoking erotic art movies of the ‘60s.
-28 542
53 Citizen Kane (1941)
Critics loved it, but media mogul W.R. Hearst -- the inspiration for Kane – used his influence to discredit Orson Welles’ groundbreaking movie.
-31 955
54 The Devils (1971, U.K.)
Ken Russell’s drama about womanizing priests, sex-crazed nuns, and hysteria in seventeenth-century France was banned in deeply Catholic Italy.
-32 540
55 Men Behind the Sun (1988, Jap.)
Inspired by grotesque medical experiments carried out by Japan’s notorious Unit 731 during WWII.
-32 496
56 Ken Park (2002)
Unsimulated sex scenes sparked accusations that filmmaker Larry Clark exploited his teenaged cast, and it was barely distributed in the US.
-34 566
57 Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004)
Michael Moore’s scathing documentary about George W. Bush’s war on terror was a hit despite conservative claims that it was propaganda.
-39 919
58 In the Realm of the Senses (1976, Jap.)
Nagisa Oshima's graphic examination of sexual obsession was seized and edited by US Customs.
-39 525
59 Triumph Of The Will (1935, Ger.)
Leni Rienfenstahl’s gorgeous documentary glorified the Nazis' ideals and iconography.
-48 560
60 Do The Right Thing (1989)
Critics worried that Spike Lee’s evocation of poverty, police brutality, and racial tensions in Brooklyn would incite violence.
-52 666
61 The Cook, The Thief, His Wife & Her Lover (1989, UK)
Peter Greenaway put a high-style gloss on base depravity in this cruel allegory about capitalism.
-52 536
62 Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983)
The deaths of actor Vic Morrow and two children while filming prompted new safety regulations.
-61 769
63 Song of the South (1946)
Never available on video or DVD in the US, Disney’s charming animated take on Southern folklore is tainted by its live-action sequences depicting happy slaves.
-61 599
64 The Last Picture Show (1971)
Peter Bogdanovich’s melancholy look at adultery, alcoholism, and promiscuity in fifties Texas divided moviegoers and critics.
-62 618
65 Cruising (1980)
William Friedkin's sexually frank thriller offended gay-rights activists by implying that homosexuality inevitably leads to murder.
-66 508
66 Baby Doll (1956)
The Catholic Legion of Decency condemned Tennessee Williams’ lurid tale of a thumb-sucking child bride and the men who lust for her.
-68 500
67 Carnal Knowledge (1971)
Moviegoers expecting to be titillated were taken aback by this drama’s raw, taboo-breaking examination of misogyny.
-74 506
68 Snuff (1976, Arg/USA)
Tacking a cynical “real” murder sequence onto a ho-hum exploitation movie generated enough media outrage to make Snuff a lucrative hit.
-83 483
69 Hounddog (2007)
Outcry over a rape scene involving an Elvis-loving pre-teen (played by 12-year-old Dakota Fanning) helped sink this drama set in 1950s Alabama.
-87 497
70 Viridiana (1961, Sp./Mex.)
Luis Bunuel’s surreal masterpiece was widely condemned for its suggestions of incest, rape and necrophilia.
-88 468
71 Baise Moi (2000, Fr.)
A hardcore hybrid of Natural Born Killers and Thelma and Louise, this drama about two abused women who turn vigilante was banned in its native France.
-89 509
72 Bloodsucking Freaks (1976)
Women Against Pornography unwittingly raised this ugly horror movie’s profile by denouncing its relentless, misogynistic violence.
-89 475
73 Thriller: A Cruel Picture (1974, Swed.)
A US distributor added hardcore inserts to Bo Vibenius’ grim rape-revenge movie.
-90 458
74 The Brown Bunny (2003)
Gossip about cult actor Vincent Gallo’s directing debut centered on a graphic oral-sex scene and his feud with critic Roger Ebert.
-91 559
75 Titicut Follies (1967)
Frederick Wiseman's disturbing documentary exposed abuse in mental institutions, but its unflinching footage of patients was called insensitive.
-99 475
76 9 Songs (2004, UK)
This UK movie received limited US distribution but revived the “porn or art” debate by charting a couple’s relationship through nine unsimulated sex scenes.
-102 504
77 I Am Curious (Yellow) (1967, Swe.)
Mockumentary about ‘60s youth was condemned as pornographic.
-116 484
78 Boxing Helena (1993)
Madonna and Kim Basinger bailed on Jennifer Lynch’s story of a sexually troubled surgeon who tames his dream girl by amputation.
-117 557
79 Ecstasy (1933, Czech.)
Americans were shocked by the nudity and sexual frankness of this Czech drama about an unhappy wife searching for fulfillment.
-118 464
80 Mondo Cane (1962, It.)
This Italian shockumentary was castigated for exploiting footage of lurid cultural practices from around the world.
-119 463
81 The Outlaw (1943)
Busty starlet Jane Russell’s breasts cast a long shadow over this erotically charged Western, outraging guardians of public decency.
-121 485
82 A Real Young Girl (aka Une Vraie Jeune Fille) (1975, Fr.)
French filmmaker Catherine Breillat's film on explicit evocation of disturbing desires.
-122 464
83 Sweet Sweetback’s Baadasssss Song (1971)
Melvin Van Peebles’ indie movie reflected the simmering rage of disillusioned African-Americans.
-123 477
84 Bandit Queen (1994, India)
Indian censors deplored the nudity and violence in this biopic about Phoolan Devi, who overcame rape, child marriage and false imprisonment to become a politician.
-126 484
85 Henry & June (1990)
The first major studio release rated NC-17, this arty biopic featured a guilt-free menage a trois, nudity and Uma Thurman in a lesbian kiss.
-126 466
86 The Message (1976, 1977)
Though this epic biopic deferred to Islamic law by never showing Mohammed, it was still condemned as sacrilegious and banned in many Arab countries.
-132 468
87 Victim (1961, UK)
Homosexuality was still a criminal offense in England when this thriller dared to take the side of gay men victimized by ruthless blackmailers.
-135 449
88 The Da Vinci Code (2006)
Conservative Christian groups fumed and urged boycotts, but the popularity of Dan Brown’s thriller about arcane secrets and occult mysteries won out.
-136 990
89 United 93 (2006)
The trailer that positioned this chillingly realistic 9/11 docu-drama as a formulaic thriller occasioned more dismay than the movie itself.
-137 637
90 Hail, Mary (1985, Fr.)
Jean-Luc Godard's contemporary take on the Immaculate Conception featured copious nudity and was denounced by Pope John Paul II.
-138 448
91 Kinsey (2004)
Many groups claimed this honest portrait of the pioneering sex researcher advocated perversion and glorified Kinsey's work.
-144 556
92 Romance (1999, Fr.)
Catherine Breillat challenged the status quo by casting an Italian porn star in her drama about the disconnect between love and sex: Outrage ensued.
-145 461
93 Stigmata (1999)
Rattling the Catholic church’s wasn’t as shocking in the late nineties as when The Exorcist opened but still exposed this movie to censure.
-146 670
94 Year of the Dragon (1985)
Now all-but forgotten, Michael Cimino's follow up to Heaven's Gate was censured for sexist and racist stereotypes of Chinese-Americans.
-150 484
95 Heaven’s Gate (1980)
Bad pre-release buzz, including explosive accusations of animal abuse, helped turn Michael Cimono’s epic western into a legendary flop.
-151 519
96 The Kiss (1896)
When Broadway sensations May Irwin and John Rice’s notorious lip-lock was immortalized on film, people were shocked!
-158 494
97 The Crime of Padre Amaro (2002, Mex.)
Condemnation by the Catholic Church helped make this drama about unchaste priests a hit in Mexico.
-172 462
98 The Moon Is Blue (1953)
Well-bred people didn’t use words like “virgin,” “seduce” and “mistress” in public, but this mild sex farce did and became a cause celebre.
-175 455
99 September Dawn (2007)
LDS spokesmen denounced this little-seen account of the 1857 Mormon massacre of California-bound settlers as a “distortion of history.”
-182 500
100 Aladdin (1992)
Disney’s animated musical included lyrics that the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee claimed perpetuated racist stereotypes.
-325 1157